Friday, May 20, 2016
A Really Interesting Discussion Regarding AI In Medicine I Wonder Where It Will Really Go?
This appeared last week:
Monday, 9 May, 2016
The role of the doctor as an expensive problem-solver may become redundant in the future, according to health experts commenting in the New Zealand Medical Journal. The authors believe that over the coming years, artificial intelligence (AI) will diagnose most health problems and even decide what treatment the patient should have. The health experts say that humans would continue to be an important part of health care delivery, but in many situations they would only be trained to fill the gaps where artificial intelligence is less capable. “Human doctors make errors simply because they are human, with an estimated 400 000 deaths associated with preventable harm in the US per year,” the authors wrote. “Furthermore, the relentless growth of first world health care demands in an economically-constrained environment necessitates a new solution. Therefore, for a safe, sustainable health care system, we need to look beyond human potential towards innovative solutions such as AI. Initially, this will involve using task-specific AI as adjuncts to improve human performance, with the role of the doctor remaining largely unchanged. However, in the longer term, AI should consistently outperform doctors in most cognitive tasks. Humans will still be an important part of health care delivery, but in many situations less expensive, fit-for-purpose clinicians will assume this role, leaving the majority of doctors without employment in the role that they were trained to undertake.”
The full news brief is here:
Here is the abstract:
6th May 2016, Volume 129 Number 1434
William Diprose, Nicholas Buist
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a rapidly growing field with a wide range of applications. Driven by economic constraints and the potential to reduce human error, we believe that over the coming years AI will perform a significant amount of the diagnostic and treatment decision-making traditionally performed by the doctor. Humans would continue to be an important part of healthcare delivery, but in many situations, less expensive fit-for-purpose healthcare workers could be trained to ‘fill the gaps’ where AI are less capable. As a result, the role of the doctor as an expensive problem-solver would become redundant.
Full text etc. is here for subscribers.
To me the first area of success is likely to be things like Watson and Isabel providing interactive decision support. After that there are many barriers with the need for development in all sorts of supporting domains (natural language processing, interface design etc. etc.)
What do you think?
Posted by Dr David G More MB PhD at Friday, May 20, 2016